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Automation Library: What Is It And Why You Need To Care?
Library automation refers to the computer’s use in the automation of traditional library processes. Also, it includes such as cataloging and distribution.
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A library uses computers and other technology. Also, it is to assist its systems and facilities in automation.
Library automation is the conversion from manual to computerized. Moreover, it includes a catalog of cards to OPAC or manual circulation cards to an automated library system.
Automation is a mechanism that uses machines to save time and power.
The main aim of library automation is to free librarians and library personnel. Also, it makes a more active contribution to disseminating knowledge and information.
The automation of library science is ‘the technology concerned with the design and creation of the process and system. Thus, it is which minimizes the need for human interference in its functioning.’ ¹
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The automation process has grown to include acquisitions, cataloging, and authorship management. Also, it involves serials control, circulation and inventory, and interlibrary lending.
Moreover, it includes document delivery, beginning with introducing the machine-readable catalog record (MARC) in the 1960s.
A handful of machine vendors currently dominate library automation.
Recent trends in library automation include the growing importance of “add-ons. Also, it is mostly related to digital content delivery (link solvers, portal- and metasearch interfaces and frequently provided.
Third-party vendors’ e-resource management modules also give it). Also, it is better Web environment integration (fat PC rewriting clients, using XML and screenshots, and develop).
For what is it known?
Libraries noted for using ICT for automating their routine tasks and providing users with search services. Computers do increasingly use in libraries for internal operations.
It also includes access to information on four library walls.
The use of computers prevents repetitive tasks and saves time and work for visitors and outside library employees. Computers are used as data processing tools and store, view, and retrieve information.
In the 1960s, computer-generated and printed indices for scientific and technical literature do use for information storage and retrieval. Several organizations then began using computers for generating and printing indicators.
Also, it happens as well as for creating computer-readable databases.
By the beginning of the 1970s, various published indexing, and abstract journals. These, including Biological Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts, Index Medicus, and others, were made accessible.
It happens not only by computer but also as computerized magnetic tapes databases.
Many organizations on magnet media subscribed to them to coordinate local data storage and retrieval.
Library Automation Definitions
The Oxford English Dictionary (Simpson & Weiner, 1989) defining automation as “automatic control application of electronic. Also, the mechanical devices to replace human labor in any industry or science by extension.”
ALA Glossary of Library and Informatics defines automation as “the output. Also, it happens by auto-activation, self-controlling, or automated means of an operation, a set of functions, or a procedure.
Automation involves the use of automated data treatment systems such as a monitor or other work-saving devices.”
While D. S. Harder introduced the term automation in 1936, the word library automation used in literature for the last five decades.