Robotic Process Automation vs Business Process Automation | RPA Star

Robotic process automation vs business process automation. Are they the same thing or not? What are its similarities and differences?

Keep on reading to know more.

Robotic Process Automation vs Business Process Automation

Today, you may have heard about a lot of technologies. New terms may pop up now and then.

You may have even heard about robotic process automation (RPA). Or business process automation (BPA). But these two are different from one another. 

How so?

What is Robotic Process Automation?

RPA is the use of software robots. These bots aim to copy human tasks. Also, these bots follow the rules that are already set.

It does so by recording the processes or workflow humans do. Then, it will copy and repeat it over and over again. It does not do any changes to it.

With it, you can:

  • log into systems
  • navigate a page
  • input and extract data
  • copy human interactions with computer systems

Also, it focuses on one task. But it can do a lot of tasks at the same time. Meaning it is not disruptive.

And today, companies are slowly using AI and machine learning to better RPA. Further, lots of industries are adopting RPA. Like finance, banking, healthcare, and more.

What is Business Process Automation?

BPA automates workflows on a larger scale. It aims to better the whole company’s efficiency. So, it does not focus on only one department.

Instead, it focuses on the whole company. How? By installing software systems that combine all existing applications.

So, it does not focus on a single task. Rather, it focuses on the whole end-to-end process.

To adopt BPA, there is a need to do an in-depth analysis. Companies will first need to see all inefficiencies. Then, list the largest problems.

After, it will lay the foundation for back-office and front-office business functions. Like:

  • managing invoices and records
  • opening customer accounts
  • offering real-time offers

Meaning, it can be disruptive.

RPA vs BPA: The Differences

Now that we have known the meaning of each one, what are its differences?


  • RPA. Can be integrated with existing BPA software. Focuses on one area or task.
  • BPA. More holistic. It aims to streamline all work processes. So that they can make faster and more accurate decision-making


  • RPA. Bots access the existing UI on computers. Like copy and paste, move files, and more. It records, repeats, and replaces human tasks. No need for coding.
  • BPA. More complicated. A single processing model is used to make workflows. Then, it will integrate various systems. There is a need for IT support for coding.


  • RPA. Studio licenses may range from $2,000 to $3,000 per year. Attended bots is $1,200 to $1,800 per year. While unattended bots are $8,000 per year.
  • BPA. A mid-tier software can cost around $10,000 to $100,000. The top tier can start from the latter going up.

So, which one is for you? If you are looking for help with your digital adoption, WalkMe is the leading company to get help from. See if they are a good fit for your company.

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